University of Dar es Salaam College of Engineering and Technology (CoET) yesterday unveiled its new Non- Burn Medical Waste Disposal Technology, central for health and environmental protection and a pioneering move by the university.
Briefing trainees representing 18 health centers from Ilala, Temeke and Kinondoni municipalities in Dar es Salaam on behalf of the Director of Environment in the Ministry of State Vice President’s Office, Stephen Nkondokayo said the innovation by the University will help to protect health attendants, cleaners and the community from waste infections and air pollution.
He said the adoption of the technology comes at a time when the world desperately needs to reduce environmental pollution and protect Human health.
Prof. Emrod Elisante, Mining and Chemical expert at the University of Dar es Salaam named the machines to be used in applying the new technology as, Horizontal Autoclave, Waste compactor, waste containers and Needle removers.
“The World Health Organizations discourages the use of incineration in hospitals and other areas where alternative systems can be used to dispose waste…” explained the professor. Use of incineration for hospital waste disposals was linked with the release of dioxins and furans (Carcinogens) which are most dangerous for Health and Environment protection.
The university has produced pilot machines and tested them at the Muhimbili National Hospital and CCBRT. Given the encouraging results the prospective professor said announced that the university will continue producing the machines in recognition of the growing market demand.
“We will now start receiving tenders from health centers all over the country before manufacturing of any machine…” he said.
Edward Krisiunas, Grobal Environment Fund (GEF) Consultant advised the government to enact air pollution regulation acts to protect not only people but also the ecosystem as a whole.
He cited developed countries like Japan to have adopted the use of ‘autoclaves’ in disposing of medical wastes.
It turns out that not on is the incineration operation destructive it is more expensive than the autoclaves. The GEF consultant insisted that the use of incinerations without air pollution controls is likely to cause skin cancers to individuals using the technology.
Autoclaves is a device used to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 °C for around 15–20 minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents.
The designation and manufacturing of the technology at the University of Dar es Salaam was co-supported by the global Environment Fund and United National Development Program.