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Most Tanzanians against Union break-up-research

15th February 2013
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Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA)

Apparently the vast majority of Tanzanians do not want the Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar to be dissolved, a study has revealed.

Around five study carried related to constitutional review, union matters and executive power carried out jointly by Afrobarometer and Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) has revealed.

According to the study, at least 88 per cent of Tanzanians from both the Mainland and the Isles would prefer the union to be stronger and powerful.

Presenting the findings yesterday in Dar es Salaam, Constantine Manda a researcher from Afrobarometer said the minority of respondents from Unguja North, Unguja South, Urban West, Pemba North support the dissolution of the union.

“Tanzanians in general, do not want the union to be dissolved, but most of Tanzanians in Zanzibar want the union to be dissolved,” he said.

He added that, “Tanzanians who support CCM are less likely to want to see the union dissolved, while CUF supporters most likely prefer to see the union vanished...all in all 43 per cent of the respondents seek for an increased autonomy for Zanzibar.”

However, in the constitutional review study it was discovered that 83 per cent of Tanzanians want the constitution to be reviewed due to dissatisfaction with the status quo.

The survey also disclosed that the percentage of Tanzanians who are fairly satisfied with the way democracy works in the country; whereby about 19 per cent are satisfied and don’t feel the need to review the constitution.

Meanwhile, based on gender and level of education of the respondents it was revealed that men are more likely to support constitutional review as well as educated Tanzanians and people with at least primary school education.

“Tanzanians who own radios are more likely to want to review the constitution, highlighting perhaps the impact of national information dissemination campaigns and opportunities for further information penetration into remote areas of Tanzania,” the survey revealed.

Regarding separation of power, findings show that Tanzanians want Cabinet Ministers appointed outside the Parliament while CHADEMA and CUF supporters are more likely to support this separation of power.

“54 per cent of Tanzanians want cabinet ministers appointed outside of parliament and CHADEMA and CUF supporters are more likely to want Ministers to be appointed outside the Parliament,” added the report.

It also noted that Tanzanians who approve their local Members of Parliament are less likely to support the idea that cabinet ministers be appointed outside of parliament.

On power limits, the survey shows that 87 percent of Tanzanians want the President to continue to be restricted by two term limits but about 12% felt that there should be no constitutional limits for the Presidential term in office.

The Afrobarometer (AB) is a comparative series of public opinion surveys that measure public attitudes toward democracy, governance, the economy, leadership, identity, and other related issues.

The AB is an independent, non-partisan, African-based network of researchers; the first round of surveys took place between 1999 to 2001 in 12 countries. The Network is now conducting round five surveys in almost 35 countries between 2011 and 2013.

SOURCE: THE GUARDIAN