UNIDO roots for alternative sources of cooking fuel

13Jun 2018
Crispin Gerald
The Guardian
UNIDO roots for alternative sources of cooking fuel

THE United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) has embarked on a technology aimed at promoting bio-ethanol as an alternative clean fuel for cooking to Tanzanian.

Speaking to reporters recently in Dar es Salaam, UNIDO coordinator Victor Akim said the proposed intervention will enable the production of bio-ethanol from molasses, a by-product of sugar cane processing and other potential feed stocks.

The four year funded project by Global Environment Facility (GEF) will cost US$ 2,457,078 and also aims at promoting the use of bio-ethanol as an alternative clean cooking fuel.

“Currently, molasses generated in Tanzania sugar factories are not being fully utilized. The molasses can be used to produce bio-ethanol and used as a clean fuel for cooking in households, while also offsetting green house gases (GHG) emissions attributed to over reliance on traditional biomass,” he said.

According to him, the project will help to roll out 500,000 ethanol cook stoves for the next five year and market for 90 million litres of ethanol fuel supply created.

He added that the project will deliver an improved capacity for market development of fuel grade ethanol production and usage and also create a conducive policy and regulatory environment.

Akim noted that UNIDO was working to identify key opportunities for alternative sources of energy like the use of ethanol with the aims of promoting it to the community for use.

“The technology is safe, clean, cheap and free from emission for which will be expected to reduce at large the use of charcoal,” Akim detailed.

Statistics show that, more than 80 percent of the Tanzanians depend on biomass as their major energy source for household cooking practices with very less usage efficiency.

The statement from UNIDO states that although there are distinct regional preferences, in general, more than 70 percent of urban dwellers use charcoal, while more than 90 percent of the rural populations use only firewood.