It is in fact projected that future climate change could be much worse, leading to significant economic costs to the country. The combined effects of current climate vulnerability and projected future climate change are expected to be large enough to prevent Tanzania from achieving key economic growth, human development and poverty reduction targets, including the planned timetable for achieving middle income status.
The key problem is that Tanzania is not adequately prepared in addressing the ongoing and future climate change impacts. The country has a large existing adaptation deficit which requires urgent action.
Despite all the efforts in developing policies and establishing various initiatives to address the issues, implementation has not yet progressed far and coordination of various initiatives needs to be strengthened.
Three regions of the mainland namely Dodoma, Singida, Shinyanga and Manyara had badly been hit by climate change.
In the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change recently, researchers looked at 1,400 thermoelectric power plants and more than 24,000 hydropower plants worldwide.
We are aware that the government has had talks with international development organisations in a move aimed at enabling the government access the Green Climate Fund (GCF), to assist the most affected regions to counter effects of Climate Change by putting in place water projects.
It is on record that Tanzania was losing one million hectares of land annually to deforestation, noting the need for public education to understand in depth effects of Climate Change and ways to counter them.
We are this simply because the effects of climate change do not come abruptly but very slowly making it hard for most people to really believe or understand that droughts, floods and many other effects we are experiencing are a result of the effects brought about our own destructive actions, hence the need for intensive public education.
Currently, the nation was feeling the negative effects of Climate Change such as low water levels in rivers and hydropower plants. These would in the long run also affect other sectors, including tourism, water and agriculture.
We therefore call for concerted efforts create public awareness and to change public understanding on effects of Climate Change so we can change the trends of deforestation and destructions of water sources.
The Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA) had concurred with the study on decline of electricity production globally due to climate change effects in the coming decades, pointing to the long periods of droughts.
In the same vein the importance of protecting sources of water by planting trees and ensuring there are no human activities, most especially those allowing water to flow into hydropower generating dams and using water resources more efficiently cannot be overemphasized.
According to the study, hydropower and thermoelectric power together contribute 98 per cent of the world’s electricity generation at present.
These power-generating technologies both strongly depend on water availability – while water temperature for cooling also plays a critical role for thermoelectric power generation.
The 2015 Paris Climate Conference- COP21, a historic agreement to combat climate change and unleash actions and investment towards a low carbon, resilient and sustainable future was agreed.