Happy New Year, even better than the last

01Jan 2020
Editor
The Guardian
Happy New Year, even better than the last

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

Many cultures celebrate the event in some manner  and the 1st day of January is often marked as a national holiday.

In the Gregorian calendar, the most widely used calendar system today, New Year occurs on January 1 (New Year's Day). This was also the first day of the year in the original Julian calendar and of the Roman calendar (after 153 BC).  

During the Middle Ages in western Europe, while the Julian calendar was still in use, authorities moved New Year's Day, depending upon locale, to one of several other days, including March 1, March 25, Easter, September 1, and December 25. Beginning in 1582, the adoptions of the Gregorian calendar has meant that many national or local dates in the Western World and beyond have changed to using one fixed date for New Year's Day, January 1.

Other cultures observe their traditional or religious New Years Day according to their own customs, sometimes in addition to a (Gregorian) civil calendar. Chinese New Year, the Islamic New Year, the traditional Japanese New Year and the Jewish New Year are the more well-known examples. India and other countries continue to celebrate New Year on different dates.

January 1: The first day of the civil year in the Gregorian calendar used by most countries. Contrary to common belief in the west, the civil New Year of January 1 is not an Orthodox Christian religious holiday. The Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar makes no provision for the observance of a New Year. January 1 is itself a religious holiday, but that is because it is the feast of the circumcision of Christ (seven days after His birth), and a commemoration of saints. While the liturgical calendar begins September 1, there is also no particular religious observance attached to the start of the new cycle. Orthodox nations may, however, make civil celebrations for the New Year.

Those that adhere to the revised Julian calendar (which synchronises dates with the Gregorian calendar), including Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Romania, Syria, and Turkey, observe both the religious and civil holidays on January 1. In other nations and locations where Orthodox churches still adhere to the Julian calendar, including Georgia, Israel, Russia, the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Ukraine, the civil new year is observed on January 1 of the civil calendar.  

2019 was quite a remarkable year as far as Tanzania’s relations are concerned. The African Union reform team headed by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda  unveiled an ambitious plan that will see countries impose a 0.02 per cent levy on imported goods in order to finance the organisation.

And that was not the end with the AU reforms; the continental free trade treaty was signed in Kigali that will bring the continent’s 1.2 billion people under one common market.

Milestones continued to pile up last year and by all indications, they are bound to continue this year. All the achievements are a result of hard work and capable leadership that should make every Tanzanian proud.

We have seen that hard work and dedication pays off, it is our wish, as your partner in this journey, that we will continue to document achievements by an incredible people. Our partnership with our readership is a treasured element within our publication and we hope to see it grow stronger this year.

Happy New Year.

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