Let us advocate for sustainable management of freshwater resources

21Mar 2020
The Guardian
Let us advocate for sustainable management of freshwater resources

Only 57 per cent of Tanzania’s population of 57 million have access to an improved source of safe water, and only 30 per cent of Tanzania’s population has access to improved sanitation. Under these circumstances people, particularly women and girls, spend a significant amount of time traveling-

-some distance to collect water.In Tanzania, demand for both water and sanitation are high.

In Tanzania, demand for both water and sanitation are high. The market for water products (storage tanks, pipes, rain harvesting facilities, etc.) and suppliers appears to be dynamic. And by taking advantage of the growing digital finance sector, there is a strong opportunity for solutions in Tanzania. 

One of the major barriers to safe water and sanitation is affordable financing. We need initiatives to help bring small loans to those who need access to affordable financing and expert resources to make household water and toilet solutions a reality.

With millions affected across the world, there is not a one-size-fits-all solution to the global water crisis. We must have approaches in place to market-driven and people-driven. We can empower even more people with safe water and sanitation solutions that last.

World Water Day is an annual UN observance day (22 March) that highlights the importance of freshwater. The day is used to advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. World Water Day is celebrated around the world with a variety of events. These can be theatrical, musical or lobbying in nature. The day can also include campaigns to raise money for water projects. The first World Water Day, designated by the United Nations, was in 1993. Each year many countries celebrate World Water Day.

UN-Water is the convener for World Water Day and selects a theme for each year in consultation with UN organizations that share an interest in that year's focus. The theme for 2020 is "Water and Climate Change" and explores how the two issues are inextricably linked. The 2019 theme was "Leaving no one behind".

The focus on universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is in line with the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 6. The UN World Water Development Report (WWDR) is released each year around World Water Day.

. The intention is to inspire people around the world to learn more about water-related issues and to take action to make a difference.

Relevant issues include water scarcity, water pollution, inadequate water supply, lack of sanitation, and the impacts of climate change (which is set to be the theme of World Water Day 2020. The day brings to light the inequality of access to WASH services and the need to assure the human right to water and sanitation.

The World Water Day website announces events, activities and volunteer opportunities. In 2020, featured stories are about adapting to the water effects of climate change and using water more efficiently.

This day was first formally proposed in Agenda 21 of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. In December 1992, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water. In 1993, the first World Water Day was observed.