In so doing the government began the expansion of higher education by taking into disciplines that are critical for the socioeconomic development of the country and in which scarcity of human resources is severe.
Over the past two decades, Tanzania has embarked on expanding higher education to a great extent. The number of high learning institutions are significantly increased with huge enrolment capacity.
The government is well informed that it needs a well-equipped human power so as to transform the economy from one of agriculture-led to one of industry-led.
Tanzania strongly believes that its core values - durable peace, democracy and poverty eradication efforts seem like a far-fetched dream without skilled human resources.
With economic transformation policies, improved environment for private investments, and the relatively better and steady growth of the economy, as well as openness to the world and the spread of information and communication technologies, the country requires more personnel with higher education and training.
It is evidently clear that currently Tanzania undertakes highly ambitious effort to realign its higher education system in more direct support of its national strategy for economic growth and poverty reduction.
It is also true that efforts to expand and ensure the qualities of education will establish favourable conditions for sustainable state building through the creation of stable democratic developmental state.
Higher learning institutions are believed to be sources of knowledge, centres of excellence, enlightenment, democratic discourse, tolerance and wisdom as opposed to sources of uncivilized opposition, and destruction.
Unfortunately, people who have been trying to create chaos and disorder in Tanzania have been using higher learning institutions as a hiding place and students as foot soldiers.
This potentially hampers ongoing development endevours of the country. Usually, these forces use countless pretexts to meet their unlimited political needs.
Furthermore, they use scholars as a decisive instrument by inciting tremendous unfounded allegations as well as using their credentials for anti-peace against Tanzanian people.
The prevailing circumstances indeed called for further scrutiny of the role of higher learning institutions to the emerging realities.
It is apparently clear that citizens are expected to intensify the battlement against poverty through education and enlightenment as this is part and parcel of ensuring democracy and good governance.
Efforts to ensure democracy, good governance and economic development can only be reality if there is peace, tolerance, and understanding between and among people.
The united efforts of citizens would definitely unlock a notable epoch of development and democracy problems.
To this end, scholars in higher learning institutions have solemn obligation to cultivate and consciously keep in order to bring sustainable development to this nation.
They have to work hard to successfully overcome the challenges facing the nation by discharging their responsibilities as the citizens of the nation.
The impact of higher education encompasses not only the economic sector, but will also produce greater social impact contributing to a just, democratic, peaceful and enlightened society.
Thus, with a shift of the social and economic development directions of the country, it has become essential to make higher learning institutions as place of excellence and innovation.
Similarly the efforts of higher learning institutions need to ensure quality and relevant education thereby to produce competent personnel for the attainment of Tanzania's renaissance should be further intensified.