According to the UNDP report on Climate Change Adaptation 1 , water sources in Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, and Lake Jipe in Kilimanjaro are experiencing a significant reduction of water levels, and even the loss of some species.
Climate change increases the chances of worsening floods and droughts and in some parts of Tanzania, citizens are already feeling the pinch.
“I have never seen floods of this magnitude.” said Gabriel Gache, a farmer in Sangara village, in Manyararegion.
“When the floods hit my village in 2013, the water wiped away all the crops in my 5-acre farm.”
Gabriel, a father, and the breadwinner for his family of 14 children said it took him about four years torestore his land and get back to farming. Aside from losing the crops, going for years without farming, healso had to spend over TZS 1.6 million (US $690) to construct a burnt brick fence to protect his farm incase the floods hit again. “The loss was extreme.” He said.
Gone unchecked, In Babati District, in Manyara region there is evidence of having excessive aeration ofwater source in the natural springs and great water loss in Lake Babati which has resulted into greatwater shocks and stress in most communities, like Sangara village and nearby villages.
Since 2018,WaterAid has been working with the government through the Ministry of Water’s Rural Water andSanitation Agency (RUWASA) and local communities in Sangara village, located in Babati District tostrengthen their water resource management skills. Initiatives have included supporting communities tolegally register their Community Water Supply Based Organization (CBWSO) and have conductedawareness raising campaigns to villagers on effective management of climatic change and buildingclimate-resilience in their communities.
Furthermore, WaterAid is utilizing Low carbon emitting technology advancements, to mitigate the risksand shocks of climate change, and as such WaterAid has constructed a water supply scheme at Sangaravillage with solar powered pumps in efforts to mitigate air pollutions.WaterAid with support from People’s Postcode Lottery (PPL) have identified and built capacities of 10community champions on climate change adaptation and appropriate mitigation measures to overcomeclimate related risks and shocks.
Hashim Hamisi is a climate change champion from Sangara village. Hashim said, “I am proud to beworking with other climate change champions to raise awareness on environmental conservation in ourvillage. This is a rewarding job.”
Through the campaigns, climate change champions are beginning to realize some immediate impactsincluding the decrease of environment harming. “The cutting of trees has reduced significantly; citizensare now switching to using fuel efficient stoves, a welcome addition in efforts to safeguard and manageour natural resources.” Hashim added.
According to the United Nations (UN), every three seconds, the world loses enough forest to cover afootball pitch and over the last century we have destroyed half of our wetland. The UN has declared 5June as World Environment Day to encourage awareness and action to protect our environment aroundthe world. In 2021, climate change champions from Sangara village met at a nearby village Riroda tocommemorate the day and mobilized community members to plant 600 trees on various water sourcesand further committed to planting 6,000 trees between November 2021 and April 2022.
“Climate change mitigation requires sustained efforts from varied sectors. We are proud to be workingclosely with the government in Babati district and other key stakeholders including citizens to mitigatethe risks brought by climate change.” Said Ms. Anna Mzinga from WaterAid.