The CAADP PP is an open, African Union (AU) member states-led forum aimed at reflecting on adapting continued learning to changing circumstances, needs and aspirations in the advancement of CAADP’s vision and objectives.
The platform also stimulates and facilitates a process of sharing experiences on substantive agricultural transformation issues including policies, institutions, technologies, partnerships and alliances, skills and knowledge.
According to the concept note that was made available to the Guardian reads that the proposed theme of the 16thCAADP PP is “Malabo Commitments Five Years on: Translating Lessons Learnt into Accelerated Action towards2025”. We are midway through the 10-year period of the Malabo declaration and as such we should use the 1th CAADP PP for collective retrospective/retroactive reflection (ex-post).
And compile lessons learnt and build a case for action within the remaining half of the decade. With the BRR report providing the grounds for stocktaking and the evidence that may deepen discussion around possible factors and drivers of change, there can be a plethora of lessons to be learnt on a case by case basis.
However, given that eight (8) Member states, namely; Algeria, Comoros, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Somalia and South Sudan, did not submit their reports, the BRR cannot be the sole source of the information
The note further reads that The 2020(16th) CAADP Partnership Platform comes in the wake of findings of the Inaugural and the Second CAADP Biennial Review (BR) Reportson the Implementation of the Malabo Declaration, adopted by the 30thand 32ndOrdinary Sessions of the AU General Assembly, in 2018 and 2020, respectively.
The Second BR Report revealed that out of 49 Member States that reported progress in implementing the Malabo Declaration, 36had made positive progress between the two reviews in 2017 and 2019towards achievingthe Malabo Commitment targets by 2025.However, only four (4)Member States (Rwanda, Morocco, Mali and Ghana) attained or surpassed the minimum score required to be on-track.
The report also revealed that only two Member States (Rwanda and Tanzania) were ‘on-track towards achieving target of 100% on recommitment to the principles and values of the CAADP process no country was on track to achieving the 10 percent of annual public expenditures inagriculture;only one country (Uganda) was ‘on-track’ towards achieving the ending hunger by 2025.
Overall, there was dismal performance toward achieving the targets set in the Malabo Declaration.”This is quite a worrying finding and therefore more effort is required to accelerate the pacetowards2025.However, despite the fact that most countries were not on-track, there are some highlights to celebrate. A few Member States scored marked progress (being ‘on track’) in certain performance indicators.
Rwanda was assessed to be the best overall achiever, the second reporting period running, in the summative indicator (all seven commitments) of agricultural transformation in Africa, followed by Mali and Morocco.
Countries varied with regard to scoring in the differentcategories assessed. Uganda was reported to be ‘on track’ toward meeting the commitment on ending hunger in Africa by 2025. A lot more of cases of achievements are highlighted in both reports. The mixed picture projected by the findings of the BRReports makes a case for reflecting on the results and the inherent lessons to be learnt toward motivating renewed commitment for action in the next journey towards2025.
The 2019 BR Report calls for action to transform Africa’s agriculture, making four recommendations as follows: Integrate the Malabo Commitments into well designed National Agriculture Investment Plans (NAIPS) and ensure effective implementation.
Build capacity for evidence-based agricultural policy-making and programing by making the Biennial Review process a part of regional and national decision systems.
Prioritize initiatives to end hunger in view of evidence of increasingly poor performance across key indicators of wasting, stunting and general undernourishment.4.Accelerate progress towards building the climate resilience of Africa’s food systems in line with Africa Agenda 2063, CAADP Malabo Commitments, and the SDGs. It is to be noted that on the margins of the January 2018 (30th) AU Summit, a high-level event was convened jointly by the AU and the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia against the backdrop of three famines,and thus the need to reflect on the journey since the commitment to ending hunger by 2025 was made inJune 2014,within the framework of the Malabo Declaration on “Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods”.
Objectives and focus of the 16thCAADP PP
The16thCAADP PP will cast broad light on the progress of implementation of the Malabo Commitments, and what it takes to increase momentum.
It will gather insights across the spectrum of stakeholders and use existing evidence from the BR to spurring action toward integration of the Malabo Commitments into National Agricultural Investment Plans.
It will also set focus on approaches for developing pragmatic strategies, initiatives and bankable projects that are inclusive, investment oriented and attractive to potential agribusiness investors. Special focus identifying gaps in investing in certain agricultural commodities (crop, marine and animal) with potential to become strategic in the short-, mid-or long-term, and which offer value chain investment potential.
Furthermore, the16thCAADP PP is leverage on possible opportunities the different stakeholders have, which can be harnessed, be they in the form of technical expertise, experience, financing sources, and/or managerial systems. This exploration of opportunities will be done by way of experience sharing and showcasing of unique practices andcase studies that have produced results and impact. In order to invoke this desired value, the PP will utilize the services of experienced and purpose-driven facilitators. Each session will be as interactive and conclusive as possible. To arrive at a consensus on actions, goals and targets, and spell out associated roles and responsibilities in the implementation of the decisions of the Malabo Declaration for realizing the 2025 vision of Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation. In-depth discussions will be conducted by way of facilitated breakout sessions, as well as question-and-answer driven plenary sessions.
This 16thCAADP PP is expected to garner three key outcomes a)Inspire a renewed spirit in CAADP partners, stakeholders at the various levels to see light at the end of the tunnel and go home with a renewed commitment and determination to play a part in supporting identified priorities of the National and Regional Agriculture Investment Plans;b)New strategic directions for accelerating action based on evidence from the BR and shared experiences;c)Identified strengths and opportunities for moving the agriculture transformation agenda forward and for sealing the gaps
The CAADP PP is open to all interested CAADP and agriculture transformation stakeholders -These include Government political/policy and technical officials; parliamentarians; Regional Economic Communities, farmer organizations, private sector, civil society, development partners, donor communities, etc.