These define the blueprint for China-Africa relations in the new era and opens up a new ambitious chapter of China-Africa cooperation.
The eight major initiatives, guided by Xi Jinping are based on the Chinese drive to be socially connected to not only African countries but also the world, with different and specific objectives. They are also based on cantering around building a new type of international relations and a community of shared future for mankind.
The motive is to engineer and display good relations based on the principle of sincerity, real results, amity and good faith, of pursuing the greater good and shared interests and based on the opinions and suggestions collected in breadth and depth from all quarters in China and Africa. They also, reflect the theme of the Beijing Summit: “China and Africa: Toward an Even Stronger Community with a Shared Future through Win-Win Cooperation”.
In as much as these initiatives will increase Chinese influence, they will also greatly help African countries meet their development goals of UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, AU Agenda 2063, and the development strategies of individual African countries. They also place emphasis on fostering indigenous growth capacity for Africa, create new ideas and ways of cooperation that will bring China-Africa cooperation to new heights.
The first initiative on industrial promotion is meant to speed up the establishment of industries and modernized agriculture will help to accelerate economic change in African countries, and completely eradicate poverty and build a very strong base for self-reliance of each and every African.
To achieve this initiative, African nations must partner with China, the only nation with open policies and real plans of bringing about development and economic reform in Africa.
This Chinese initiative will help bring industrial revolution, modern agriculture and it will increase productivity as well as alleviate hunger and food shortage in the African continent. In this program, China has promised to provide professional and technology-based training in practical, administrative training as well as providing workshop materials.
Through this program, African companies will benefit directly and will be able to sell their products to Chinese markets. This program will help increase employment in many African countries; it will also increase income for many Africans and will help alleviate poverty at family level. In addition to that, it will help African nations generate more revenue from tax collection.
China has also promised to provide material support for building business areas (Economic Zones) that will help Chinese and African owned companies find a place to sell their products. From 2019 to 2021, China has promised to implement 50 agricultural assistance programs that will help Africa increase the output of corn, rice, wheat, cassava, and cotton.
For a modern agricultural plan to be successful, China promised to send 500 senior agriculture experts to Africa to train and provide technical knowledge to locals in respective countries.
This program will enhance the skills and expertise of many young Africans and will enable them to develop modern agriculture in their countries. It should also be noted that, this is one of Chinese Government's strategic plans to transfer its professionals and technologies to assist African countries to achieve their development goals and to build economic dependence.
China has also promised to participate fully in the development of social programs such as water supply, road construction, education and sanitation, community service, and humanitarian assistance. This will help improve local livelihood and social development.
In the Second initiative of infrastructure connectivity; China has promised to expand more cooperation with African states in the management of alternatives ways to increase construction of infrastructure projects to ensure African countries are well connected through road networks, rail and functional trains.
China has also promised to encourage its aviation businesses and financial institutions to participate in building a single African Air Transport Market to support to enhance connectivity among African countries. At the same time, China supports aviation businesses from both sides in opening more direct flights as per market principles, to facilitate two-way trade flow and strengthen the bond between China and Africa.
Tanzania has revived its national airline Air Tanzania Limited (ATCL), Tanzania will be therefore among African countries that will benefit directly from this opportunity.
This is therefore a call for Tanzania and African countries to cooperate with China to benefit from these opportunities. Africans should also be grateful and accept China's contribution made to the development of our countries; this is because China is the only saviour of African problems.
China has also made commitments to invest in telecommunication businesses in Africa with the aim of helping Africa access easy telecommunication infrastructure especially mobile and internet connectivity. This will benefit both China and Africa with new jobs for Chinese and Africans at different income levels and financial profitability and infrastructure connectivity respectively.
China has promised to increase the exportation of Chinese products to Africa, and encourage African companies to import and sell their products in Chinese markets and participate in Chinese trade expo. This is a Trade facilitation initiative to help African countries access Chinese markets. This will entail the fact that all African companies that will participate in the exhibition will not be charged with product fees and or participation free. China has also promised to implement 50 trade facilitation programs for Africa, as a way to deepen cooperation with Africa.
Some of these trade facilitation programs include standard promotion, market access and personnel training just to mention a few. These plans are aimed at empowering African companies to access Chinese markets and local markets and will also enable African companies to have a definite part of selling their products that will results in maximizing profits. The co-operation between China and Africa is crucial and beneficial to promoting economic growth in the continent.
Green development initiative is the third initiative which will implement 50 green developments, ecological and environmental protection assistance projects. These projects will focus on reinforcing joint research, technical exchanges and project cooperation. Also, China has promised to establish a China-Africa Bamboo Centre in Ethiopia to conduct research on planting and growing bamboo to better tap the values of bamboo in food, furniture, architecture, textile, paper-making and pharmaceuticals.
Through Green development, it will increase agricultural productivity and climate resilience of the rural population. The initiative will also increase added-value product exports including organic food. This will also increase the potential to many Africans farmers and out growers to grow any crops and agricultural operations on a large scale. It will help grow the industry in Africa, create more jobs and promote diversified economic growth.
China has promised to provide fifty thousand (50,000) training opportunities and Fifty thousand (50,000) scholarships to African countries through capacity building initiative. China has also promised to invite 2,000 young Africans to go to China for discussions and information exchange. And will continue to send young volunteers to African countries to strengthen the friendship and understanding between the youth in China and in Africa.
This program will help to enhance the skills and expertise of most African youths. But also, it will provide opportunities for Africans to have access to learning in China.
Health care initiative is the fifth initiative in which China has committed to assist Africa in building centres for disease control and prevention. To show that China has a genuine commitment to helping African nations cope with challenging access to better medical care, the Chinese Government has promised to help build the headquarters of the African Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. The challenge for Tanzania is for responsible authorities to take advantage of the opportunity and discuss with the Chinese government through the embassy in Tanzania so that the centre is built in Dodoma.
It has also promised to send its experts to come to train and share their health expertise to local doctors and Nurses and will upgrade the medical facilities of relevant hospitals and encourage the large “Grade III, Level A” hospitals in China to cooperate with Africa. As if this is not enough one hundred (100) neurosurgeons, cardiologists, gynaecologists, paediatricians and other specialists from Africa will get training from Chinese Experts.
This program will increase specialists and medical centres in the respective countries, it will also benefit millions of Africans especially women and children in accessing free medical care.
People-to-people exchange initiative; this will be implemented as a program with the aim to integrate Africans and Chinese people to live as brothers and friends. It will also help people to learn each other’s cultures as a way to enhance cross cultural living between diverse Africans and Chinese. In addition to that, it will also help increase more tourists from China and increase revenue to the respective countries.
This program also provides an opportunity for African countries to open their cultural centres as well as to open Confucius in China. It has to however be noted that China began long ago and built a number of Chinese cultural villages for people to go and learn Chinese cultures, these villages also serve as tourist attractions. This is an opportunity for African nations to learn and tap from the opportunity
Peace and security is the eighth Chinese initiative with the aim to assist African nations to have joint army that will be able to manage and resolve external and domestic disputes in the continent. Thus, China has promised to continue to provide free military aid to the African Union (AU) and support “solving African issues in the African way by Africans. China wants Africa to have its own army so it is ready to support Africa in its independent peacekeeping missions, and provide military training opportunities to Africa to help African countries enhance their capacity in defence, counter-terrorism, peacekeeping and maintenance of peace.
Due to the ongoing conflicts and wars in many African countries, there is a need for Africa to have an independent and capable army that will be able to end disputes and bring peace. The military cooperation between China and Africa is very important because it will allow African countries to oppose foreign interference in its internal affairs.
To make sure that these eight initiatives are implemented on the ground, China has promised to extend US$ 60 billion of financing to Africa in the form of government assistance as well as investments.