Through the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, the government has continued to implement various activities with the aim of bringing productivity to the people and the nation as a whole.
According to the statement issued by the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, many successes have been achieved in the sixth-phase government through the livestock sector, one of which is the control of livestock diseases and the availability of vaccines against livestock diseases.
“The government continues to control veterinary diseases by producing priority vaccines where 128,146,275 doses have been produced through the immunization institute (TVI) as well as the private sector,” the statement reads in part.
It also strengthens the immunisation centre by providing equipment and equipment worth 2.4bn/- while NOVABI Private Company is producing 50,000,000 doses of three vaccines—one against Newcastle, smallpox and poultry flu.
Private sector investment has also helped increase vaccine production in the country where Hester Bioscience Africa Limited over the past one year has produced 6,130,000 doses against Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), Newcastle and Infectious bursal disease (IBD) and 609,274,706 doses of vaccines have been issued against livestock diseases.
“Following the vaccination exercise, outbreaks have been reduced, especially in radiation from five outbreaks per year, to two while outbreaks of other diseases have also decreased, such as anthrax, rabies, rinderpest and Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) in cattle and goats,” it said.
With regard to disease control through bathing, the government has procured 33,759 liters of veterinarians for 1.39bn / - and facilitated an average of 462,167,216 vaccines for 289,097,367 cattle, 198,958,720 goats and 111,943,913 sheep and helped reduce the incidence of disease outbreaks. 31.8 per cent.
According to the ministry, the government has also strengthened the control of tick-borne diseases and other pests by facilitating the construction of 230 new dips and the rehabilitation of 80 dips for 3.9bn/-. It also ensures the smooth running of the livestock sector as well as improving extension activities in the Local Government Authority (LGAs) by purchasing 300 motorcycles and distributing them in those councils while constructing and renovating 11 auctions at the tune of 7,8bn/- to facilitate livestock trade.
The meat trade has continued to improve where 1,774.29 tonnes of meat worth 9.91bn/- were exported, and from July, 2021 to January, 2022 a total of 9,668 tonnes of meat has already been exported, it said.
The ministry’s report shows that the leather industry has continued to strengthen the private sector and facilitate the production of 3,004,700 pairs of leather shoes with a total of 73,607 pieces of leather worth 460,043,750 pairs sold abroad.
In strengthening the dairy industry in the country, the government in collaboration with the private sector has facilitated the existence of 238 milk collection and processing centres, 104 dairy factories and increased milk production by 12.1 per cent from 2.7 billion liters to 3.1 billion liters.
According to the statement, the government has started conducting electronic animal identification and by January 2022 a total of 1,504,659 livestock in 14 regions have been erected electronically and registered on the diagnostic system for the analysis of 1,219,481 cattle, 167,298 goats, 61,571 sheep and 56,309 donkeys.
In terms of Water and Livestock Resources, the government has drilled two deep wells and rehabilitated three wells in four councils while enabling 222,525.76 hectares for livestock grazing in four councils, making the grazing area allocated to 3,011,426.92 hectares.
On another development, the fisheries sector contributes 30% to food security and nutrition, with direct employment of 195,435 fishermen with 4.5 million Tanzanians, that’s why the government continued to empower the industry by implementing various development projects so that the sector continues to make a significant contribution to the nation. Those projects are aimed at protecting fishing resources, promoting the private sector through investment, building the capacity of the fishing community, improving fishery products and fishing infrastructure, conducting research and improving the fishery information system. One of those projects, include the Southwest Indian Ocean Fisheries Governance and Shared Growth (SWIOFish)— which is aimed at improving the management effectiveness of selected priority fisheries at the regional, national and community level.
SWIOFish project worth $36million whereby Tanzania Mainland got $17.28million while Zanzibar received $11.52million and the Deep Sea Fishing Authority (DSFA) received $7.2million.
According to the ministry, achievements include the construction of fishery infrastructure including the Dar es Salaam Fisheries Research Laboratory and three staff houses at the Tanga Coelacanth Marine Park (TACMP) and five offices, as well as the establishment of Participatory Fisheries Protection Groups in Bagamoyo, Tanga City, Mkinga, Pangani and Lindi Rural Councils.
It also said that among other achievements, through the project, the fight against illegal fishing activities has intensified, especially explosive fishing in the Indian Ocean region which has been significantly reduced.
Another project is the Agriculture and Fisheries Development Program (AFDP)—the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)-funded at the tune of $58.85million for a period of six years from July 2021 where the Fisheries Sector is allocated a total of $ 34million.
“Through this project the successful fishing industry will purchase four (4) Fishing Vessels on the Mainland side which will cost 20bn/- for Marine Economy Fisheries.”
In terms of the aquaculture industry, the government is implementing six projects for the construction of aquaculture development centres including the construction of the Rubambagwe Aquaculture Development Centre, located in Geita Region worth over 3bn/-, rehabilitation and the expansion of the Ruhila Water Treatment Centre located in Ruvuma Region costs 204m/-. Rehabilitation and expansion of the Nyengedi Water Development Centre at a cost of 556m/-.
“The government is in the process of constructing the Ruvula Marine Aquaculture Center located in Mtwara Region valued at 983m/- and the construction of the Kunduchi Marine Creation Centre at Dar es Salaam worth over 1.6bn/-,” the statement said, adding:
“The government is continuing with the construction of class fish farms in the 14 councils where it will cost 715m/-.”
Through the High Seas Fisheries Regulatory Authority (DSFA) in collaboration with the Ministry of Fisheries has implemented a SWIOFish and some of the achievements include Preparing and The enactment of the Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Act, 2020 (No. 5 of 2020) approved by the House of Representatives.
These laws and regulations have stimulated investment in marine fisheries where DSFA from June 2021 has so far collected 2.4bn / - and paid dividends to the government of 50 per cent of its revenues. Due to the laws, 3,360 small-scale fishers have benefited from the Potential Fishing Zone (PFZ) project in the coastal areas of Tanzania—Mafia, Nungwi, Wete, Bagamoyo and Kilwa.
The project has helped fishermen to reduce by 50 per cent the cost and time to catch fish. It also helps to coordinate fisheries research in the deep seas and national water on value chain, fish stocks, and marine environment that contribute to fish catch. And those studies cost 1.7bn/-. The project also capacities research institutes and universities in the country by providing research materials worth 360m/ -.
Capacity building for small-scale fishermen by providing them with equipment worth 204m/ - to enable them to collect data and control illegal fishing by enforcing laws and regulations and improving ship tracking systems and conducting aviation patrols involving government institutions.