What will make Tanzania self-sufficient industrial nation

31May 2016
Muharram Macatta
The Guardian
What will make Tanzania self-sufficient industrial nation

The foreseeable success and growth of the economy of the United Republic of Tanzania will be the result of labour intensive, job creating, revenue generating, and export oriented industries.

Vocational schools in each district will provide the necessary skilled workers for industries located in each region or district.

Stimulation of the economy will have to center on diversification and widening of popular participation in the private sector.

The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Revolutionary Party) the ruling party CCM has to restructure and broaden the national financial, marketing and distribution systems by initiating the spread of telecommunications, roads, airports, educational facilities, housing, public electricity and water utilities, health care facilities, agricultural development, as well as ensuring the United Republic of Tanzania's commitment to fair multilateral trade with neighbouring countries specifically the East African Community and SADC.

One of the chief impediments to speedy development is the unavailability of roads to bring goods and services to people and markets. The existing roadways of the United Republic of Tanzania are not only inadequate but obsolete as some of them still do not link all major cities

In view of this, the construction of intercity highways linking all major north and central south regions as well as cities with the coast. This road network will enhance intercity trade and link all regions with sea harbours for the export of goods and products.

The 5th phase Government spearheaded by President Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli presumably fosters a national goal of the United Republic of Tanzania being a highly advanced and economically viable self-sufficient industrial nation.

If a country's educational system fails to cater to all sectors of the population, in all areas of the country, then one of the pillars of industrial development is missing.

With the only few national universities in Tanzania, students whose parents are not earning enough to send them to those sparsely located institutions for higher learning will not develop to full potential.

The government should therefore offer that the existing few universities would be provided with Polytechnics offering associate degrees would be built in each region, as well as two vocational schools per region.

Vocational schools in each district will provide the necessary skilled workers for industries located in each region or district. Thus, the human resource base for the provision of simultaneous development throughout the United Republic of Tanzania will have been satisfied. The universities, polytechnics and vocational schools should also be equipped with public libraries.

Anyway, with air traffic in Africa controlled by the bigger European airlines, African airlines must concentrate on intercity regional routes. With the purchase of few initial forty seats; fuel efficient turbo prop aircrafts, the infant AIRTANZANIA (the national airline) will offer shuttle flights between capitals and larger cities of the East South Central African nations, in a reciprocal manner, as we are now understanding,

AIRTANZANIA will be capable to offer connecting flights with intercontinental airlines, in order to shuttle passengers to destinations outside the routes of larger airlines.

With the construction of additional International airports in strategic other suitable areas in our vast country; this endeavour should be enhanced and will prove feasible or viable.

Faster and more efficient communications systems throughout the country would allow businesses to function properly, citizens to be well informed about current events, and politicians, city and state administrators to quickly reach targeted areas of development.

The fast movement of goods and services as well as mail is of importance to speedy development. In addition to improved and extended roads and telecommunications systems, national airports in every region, coupled with an efficient airlines system will connect cities and people.

The provision of more medical facilities will alleviate the strain on existing facilities. The provision of hospital facilities in each of the numerous districts in each region in the United Republic of Tanzania; while supporting the well- equipped hospitals with two clinics in each region would ensure a modest start in catering to the health needs assuredly of our vast country.

National and international business requires functional and adequate postal facilities. We see the importance of this advice to extend postal services beyond receiving and distributing mail to offering banking services to customers, Through banks established at every district post office, citizens will save and earn interest with a reputable banks as opposed to keeping funds at home.

Furthermore, public safety involves protecting life and property of citizens not only against criminals, but also against natural catastrophes and accidents.

The Infrastructure and Industrial Programme now being offered by the Fifth-phase Government has to allow citizens to find jobs and remain resident in their respective districts or villages. It is therefore imperative that the public safety services in each district/town are functional, efficient and adequate.

The United Republic of Tanzania of the 21st Century must become a food exporting country because of its fertile soil.
Investments in agriculture storage and processing facilities in the short and the long term will concentrate on preserving the foods that are already produced by private farms, so that food products will be available all the year round.

In the long term, emphasis will be placed on large commercial farm cultivations, storage and processing facilities for both domestic and export consumption.

For example, why should our country complain about sugar price or being in short supply in the country while each of us know that Sugar Cane, which is used in sugar production in the tropics, grows abundantly throughout Tanzania with or without the help of farmers!

With the establishment of refineries throughout the regions or districts, farmers could be provided with the incentive to cultivate sugar cane. Besides producing sugar and syrup, medical alcohol and beverages could also be produced for domestic and export consumption.

Besides one of the basic human needs is shelter. Therefore, in moving the United Republic of Tanzania to an industrial nation, we should target and focus on the housing sector.

The availability of locally produced windows, doors, sidings and other housing components not only lessens the costs, but also makes the products readily available.

With the enormous deposits of clay throughout the United Republic of Tanzania, the use of locally manufactured materials for the housing industry will be a priority.

In this regard, the development of domestic brick and tile industries will provide jobs and less expensive building materials. Brick veneer wall could replace plaster walls. Clay tile roofing could replace corrugated iron sheets. Clay floor tiles could also replace terrazzo floor tiles.

In addition we should consider many other simple jobs that keep the community busy, such as; the forming and cutting of sheet metal into air conditioning ducts, corrugated iron sheets for roofing and siding, sheet metal for desks, furnaces, stoves, refrigerators, trailers, etc, is a prelude to developing the necessary skills and experience for more complex industrialization in metals. Investments in sheet metal production have already made use of an ever increasing local market for these products.

Nowadays one of the prides of the Tanzanians is to have a custom tailored suit or dress and uniforms for Church choir members. In every village, town or city, there are tailor shops catering to the needs of numerous customers.

Sewing machines used in the United Republic of Tanzania are imported from Europe, China, Asia, Middle East or sometimes America or North America at high costs.

Assembly plants in the United Republic of Tanzania from China and elsewhere would alleviate high costs and provide more jobs not only in assembling machines for domestic and export markets, but also in growing the garment and sewing industry.

As we have noted that a basic human need is clothing. Therefore, any investment in the clothing sector has consumers locally available. The United Republic of Tanzania’s fertile soil and tropical climate is conducive to the cultivation of cotton.

The promotion of the Tanzania's leather products sector for both garment and shoe and other numerous leather products industries will provide jobs, generate revenues and products for both domestic and export markets.

Just imagine the species of wild animals we have in national parks as well as domestic animals whose skin could serve as raw material too,
In fact, we have many more activities that our skilled workforce could be involved and occupied in a very large scale, e.g. with the production of millwork, furniture production will be an associated investment.

Any improvement of the housing sector coupled with the use of local materials will cut costs. Tropical woods in furniture designs should be targeted for domestic and export markets.

Or --- given the median income level of Tanzanians, the use of bicycles for short distance trips, is cost effective and affordable. The assembly of bicycles for domestic and export markets will generate revenue and create jobs.

Strategic domestic and export markets production of hydraulic machines, electrical measuring instruments, precision measuring instruments, air and water pressure machines, and metal working machines are all possible to be assembled and manufactured locally.

Growth in all these sectors will be complemented by expansion in construction activities, hotels, restaurants, retail trade, electricity, and other services. These activities can create significant numbers of jobs for unskilled and semi-skilled workers, both men and women, and are therefore critical to ensuring that growth is inclusive and equitable.

Construction is booming throughout the country as roads, bridges, houses, and other facilities are repaired or modified. Other services are already activated quickly, and are likely to expand and improved as well as the other anticipated new investments will materialize rapidly during the next several years through our own established Export Promotion Zones (EPZs).