Dubbed “Integrated Approaches for Climate Change Adaptation,” the project was introduced in East Usambaras by the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG) in collaboration with the district council and other partners.
The project which is supported by the European Union under the Global Climate Change Alliance, aims to promote the use of energy saving cooking stoves to reduce deforestation.
It also aims at coming up with an effective strategy to support poor and rural households on ways to fight climate change impact.
The project which has provided modern cooking stoves to more than one hundred households in the village to reduce firewood use is being implemented in Shambangeda, Mgambo-Miembeni, Kwemsoso, Kazita, Misalai, Zirai and Kwelumbizi villages.
A Kizerui villager, one among the beneficiaries of the stove project named Sauda Tindi said “now, we use less firewood as opposed to the past.”
She said the new fuel wood energy saving stove was more efficient and effective than the traditional one which consumed a lot of firewood.
Another villager, Mwajuma Bakari of Mgambo Madukani Village said the new stoves produces less smoke, distancing them from smoke-related infections.
“I can now cook anything within a short period of time,” she said, noting that intervals to visit the bush to fetch firewood have also decreased.
The chairman of the Community Forest Conservation Committee and the Energy Saving Stoves Group, Awadhi Hiza, said there has been a reduction in demand of firewood in eight villages where the project is being implemented.
The project manager, Eustack Mtui said reports showed that of the 2,811 households where the project is being implemented, at least 1,680 villagers were already using the stoves.
He said at its initial stage, the project planned to reach 600 households for the entire project life.
The stove functions in a way that it heats up fast but it takes time to cool down, enabling the release of heat effeciently.
It is said that the use of improved fuel-efficient stoves can reduce the production of smoke and harmful gases within households by up to 60 percent.
According to the World Health Organization, 59 percent of all indoor air pollution related deaths are female.
It says there is a strong risk to young children who spend a large proportion of their time close to their mother, breathing in smoke from cooking fires during their early developing years.