The dual training system was started with German’s help in 2013 and entails alternating On-the-job and Off-the- job training periods during which apprentices learn basic practical skills of a trade both in a training institution workshop at VETA and in the real working environment as an employee.
Speaking at a hospitality industry stakeholders’ workshop over the weekend, project manager with the Hamburg Chamber of Skilled Craft in Germany, Martin Mac Mahon said dual apprenticeship is the remedy to unemployment.
“This system will revolutionize employment in Tanzania the way it has worked in other countries and proved to be cost effective,” said Mac Mahon.Citing Germany, Mac Mahon said the problem of unemployment there is relatively low because the country’s federal government embraces the system; “the methods of training in Tanzania need to be changed if it is to reduce unemployment,” advised the expert.
He further pointed out that the system will help reduce the mismatch between training and labour market needs and assuring availability of skilled labor.
Vocational Education and Training Authority (VETA) Northern Zonal Director Angelus Ngonyani, seconded the expert saying the dual apprenticeship system is of substantial importance to employers.
He described the system as demand driven and supply driven one.“Employers have for many years been complaining of not getting skilled workforce, by getting hands on training and field practice through the dual apprenticeship system this problem will be resolved,” he said.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Unemployment Rate in Tanzania decreased to 10.30 per cent in 2014 from 10.70 per cent in 2011 having reached its all time high of 12.90 per cent in 2001 and a record low of 10.30 percent in 2014.
It is estimated that over 800,000 young men and women enter the labour market every year and according to recent statistics, they include school and college graduates and labour migrants from rural areas.
It is expected that Tanzania’s labour force will have more than doubled to reach 50million, come 2030.