Catherine Bamwenzaki, Assistant Director of Environment in the Vice President's Office said the mitigation and adaptation measures include implementation of the Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Rural Resilience (EBARR) in five districts— Kishapu, Mvomero, Mpwapwa, Simanjiro and Kaskazini ‘A’ in Zanzibar.
According to the official, Tanzania’s share of GHG emission is low at 0.36 percent, but the country is vulnerable to climate related disasters such as extreme floods and droughts that affects livelihoods as well as agricultural production, water resources, public health, energy supply, infrastructure, biodiversity and marine and coastal zones.
Bamwenzaki said that following the climate impacts, Tanzania as member of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in June 2021 whereas as the country will embark on a climate resilient development pathway.
Article 4, of The Paris Agreement requires each country to prepare, and communicate the NDCs it intends to achieve.
Speaking in Morogoro recently, during a seminar on the country’s contribution in mitigating the impacts of climate change, organized by the Vice President’s Office (Union and Environment), she said Tanzania will reduce greenhouse gas emissions between 30 and 35 percent by 2030.
“Achieving the GHG emission goals depends on the country’s financial capacity, we are planning to spend US$19.2 billion,” she remarked, adding, Tanzania has been pushing for developed countries to honour their commitments by disbursing funds for climate change adaptation to enable the government to restore infrastructures damaged by natural disasters.
Asia Akule, Environment Officer, Vice President’s Office said that under the NCD the government plans to improve the access to clean and safe water for both urban and rural population whereas the target is increased the access to 86 percent and 67.7 percent respectively by 2030.
Akule said the mitigation and adaptation measures will be directed in a number of sectors including agriculture, livestock, forestry, energy, marine environment and fisheries, water, sanitation, and hygiene, tourism, land use and human settlements development, health, infrastructure, disaster risk reduction and gender mainstreaming.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Climate Change Specialist, Abbas Kitogo said: “We are working with the government towards achieving the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the effects of climate change.
Kitogo said UNDP is currently implementing a number of projects in the country including promoting the use of clean energy whereas villagers are encouraged to use improved cookstoves as well as alternative source of energy.
James Nyarobi, Coordinato of the EBARR project said they are focusing on empowering rural communities to use non-polluting materials. He said most of the people in the project area are mow using energy efficient stoves.
The EBARR project is implemented with funding (US$7,571,233) from the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)—Global Environmental Facility (GEF) for years from 2018 to 2022.