The achievements are part of the ongoing National Five-Year Dairy Industry Development Plan (2018/19-2020/21).
However, per capital milk consumption in the country increased from 47 percent in 2017/2018 to at least 49 percent during 2018/19.
Registrar of the Tanzania Dairy Board (TDB) Dr Sofia Mlote told the Guardian that the poor milk consumption rate is due to low milk production.
She said, principally, an individual is supposed to drink at least 200 liters of milk in a year, but in Tanzania records shows that milk consumption stands between 45 and 47 liters per year.
“TDB works round the clock in partnership with other relevant authorities to increase milk production and processing, possibly by increasing dairy cows through Artificial Insemination (AI), embryo transfer and animal selection, among others,” Dr Mlote expressed.
Dr Mlote said that currently there are at least 99 registered milk processing factories in Tanzania, out of which five have installed Ultra High Temperature (UHT) processing machines.
They are—Asas Diaries Limited, Tanga Fresh, Milkcom, Galaxy and Azam.
“The factories have put in place systems that enable collection of enough milk from farmers in order to attain their break-ever points,” she noted adding the privately owned companies have come up with strategies to secure markets outside the country.
Tanga Fresh is now selling its products to neighbouring countries including Kenya,” she explained.
UHT, is a food processing technology that sterilizes liquid food by heating it above 135 °C (275 °F) – the temperature required to kill bacterial endospores – for 2 to 5 seconds. UHT is most commonly used in milk production, but the process is also used for fruit juices, cream, soy milk, yogurt, wine, soups, honey, and stews.
Due to advancement of UHT technology in the country, Dr Mlote observed that the country’s annual Liquid Milk Equivalent (LME) importation has been declining.
Dr Mlote said in 2017/2018 Tanzania imported 20,920,537.58 LME’s kg, valued at 30,290,485,222/- while in 2018/2019 the country imported LME’s kg 617,659 worth 27,951,448,655/-. She said the amount of imported milk products will decrease further this year.
The Tanzania Dairy Board (TDB) was established by the Dairy Industry Act Cap.262 of 2004. The Board was inaugurated in November 2005 with a mandate to develop, promote and regulate dairy industry in Tanzania