According to the IIAG report released this week, the country was last year ranked 5th out of 54 countries in personal safety, garnering 64 out of 100 points.
It came 9th in gender (69.2 per cent), 13th in national security (90.9 per cent), and was also ranked highly in the rights category where it emerged 12th with 59.1 points out of 100.
Under personal safety, Tanzania was among the top performers thanks mainly to the absence of human trafficking sub-category where it was ranked 1st out of 54 countries.
As for gender, the country’s best showing was in workplace gender equality for which it was ranked 4th. In national security, Tanzania’s high score is attributable to its number 1 ranking in the sub-categories of non-government involvement in armed conflicts, absence of internally displaced persons, and absence of refugees.
In the rights category, Tanzania scored highly in both the sub-categories of unlikelihood of human rights abuse by the government (1st) and protection against ethnic and religious discrimination (2nd).
On the other hand, the report singles out rule of law as one area of Tanzania’s weakest performance, ranking 22nd out of 54 countries with a 58.2 percentage tally. Access to justice and absence of multilateral sanctions were other sub-categories of worst performance (24th and 31st respectively.)
Tanzania also failed to do well in transparency and accountability, where it was ranked 19th with a score of 42 points out of 100. Furthermore, access to public and legislative information and access to records of state-owned companies saw the country ranked 22nd and 28th respectively.
Under the participation category, Tanzania was ranked 23rd with poor scores in the political participation and civil society participation sub-categories (ranking 22nd and 34th respectively.)
And in overall governance ratings, Tanzania was ranked 14th with 68.5 points, having improved 1.3 points compared to the continental trend over the past decade since4 2008.
The index, which is prepared annually by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, shows that over this past decade, overall governance in Africa has on average maintained a moderate upward trajectory, with three out of four of Africa’s citizens (71.6 per cent) living in a country where governance has improved.
“Since 2008, the African average score for Sustainable Economic Opportunity has increased by 0.1 points, or 0.2 per cent, despite a continental increase in gross domestic product of nearly 40 per cent over the same period,” the report says.
It concludes that there has been virtually no progress in creating Sustainable Economic Opportunity on the continent, which is why this remains the IIAG’s worst-performing and slowest-improving category.
Defined as the extent to which governments enable their citizens to pursue economic goals and prosper, the almost-stagnant Sustainable Economic Opportunity trend strikes a concerning contrast with demographic growth and youth expectations, according to the report’s authors.
It asserts that Africa’s entire population has increased by 26 per cent over the last 10 years, with at least 60 per cent of the continent’s 1.25 billion people now aged 25 or below.
It also says African countries are showing increasing divergence in Overall Governance performance. Continental progress is mainly driven by 15 countries that have managed to accelerate their pace of improvement over the last five years, with the progress most striking in Côte d’Ivoire, Morocco and Kenya, the report shows.
It notes that divergence is also reflected in Sustainable Economic Opportunity trends, saying: “While 27 of Africa’s countries have shown some improvement, in 25 countries - accounting for 43.2 per cent of Africa’s citizens - Sustainable Economic Opportunity performance has declined over the last 10 years.”
The report further shows that there is no strong relationship between the size of a country’s economy and its performance in Sustainable Economic Opportunity. In 2017, four of the 10 countries with the highest GDPs on the continent scored below the African average score for Sustainable Economic Opportunity, and thus sit in the lower half of the rankings. These are Algeria, Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan.
The report also notes that two of the smallest economies on the continent, Seychelles and Cape Verde, reached the 5th and 6th highest scores in providing Sustainable Economic Opportunity for their citizens.