We should observe World Post Day to boost global infrastructure

07Oct 2019
The Guardian
We should observe World Post Day to boost global infrastructure

World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern. It was declared World Post Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across the world participate annually-

-the celebrations. The Posts in many countries use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services.


In 2015 countries all over the world committed themselves to working together towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to end extreme poverty and hunger, fight inequality and injustice, and take action to reverse climate change--to name just some of these 17 agreed new Goals. Playing its part in this global effort, the Post today has a more relevant role than ever by providing infrastructure for development.

The World Post Day aims increase the awareness of people about the postal sector role for people and businesses every day. It is to let the people aware of   its contribution towards the social and economic development of the countries.

World Post day happens each year on October 9, the anniversary of the Universal Postal Union (UPU), which started in 1874 in Switzerland. The UPU was the start of the global communications revolution, introducing the ability to write to others all over the world. World Post Day started in 1969. Since then, countries all over the world take part in celebrations to highlight the importance of the postal service. Many things happen on this day. Post offices in some countries hold special stamp collection exhibitions; there are open days at postal measures and there are workshops on postal history. The UPU organises an international letter writing competition for young people.

Postal systems have been in operation for many centuries. From back way back in history, people sent letters to each other. These were delivered on foot or on horseback by special messengers. From the 1600s the first national postage systems began springing up in many countries. These were more organized and many people could use them. Slowly countries agreed to exchange mail internationally. By the late 1800s there was a global postal service, but it was slow and complicated. The birth of the UPU in 1874 opened the way for the efficient postal service in existence today. In 1948, the UPU become an agency of the United Nations.

Tanzania Posts Corporation is the company responsible for postal service in Tanzania and was established in 1994.  After the British took over control of Tanganyika, the postal service was handled by them. The British consolidated all the postal and communication entities in Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika (KUT) under the umbrella of the East African Posts and Telecommunications Administration.  Even post-independence in the early 1960s the postal and communications services were managed under the newly formed East African Community.  However, after the East African community was dissolved in 1977 the Tanzanian government established the Tanzania Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (TP&TC).  

 On December 31, 1993, the Parliament enacted multiple laws to help deregulate the operations of posts and telecommunications to increase their autonomy and efficiency.   

The Posts Corporation is mandated to run as a corporation without receiving funds from the Budget. This means that the corporation had to consolidate a large number of its loss making branches. To help serve the rural population continue to have access to the service the corporation started to franchise post offices.

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